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The first “Out of Africa” migrations toward western Europe are recorded by the presence of an increase of well-dated sites with hominin settlements such as Dmanisi (Georgia, 1.85–1.78 Ma) (refs 5 and 6), Orce (Spain, 1.5–1.4 Ma) (refs 7 and 8), La Sima del Elefante (Spain, 1.2–1.1 Ma) (ref. Lunery at ~1.1 Ma in France The first “Out of Africa” migrations toward Eurasia and Europe.Geographical distribution of Pleistocene sites with Oldowayen culture in the circum-Mediterranean, Western Europe region discussed in the main text.Detailed studies of these fossils provide new insights into human evolution, such as the origin of locomotion and cultural activity, and the evolution of the brain, among many other complex features that have come to define humanity.Even during the time this manuscript was written, new hominid discoveries in Ethiopia and Kenya were announced that trace our earliest ancestors further back into the Pliocene.
100,000-year-old shell jewellery suggests that that people develop complex speech and symbolism First evidence of long-distance trade Earliest beads – made from ostrich eggshells – and jewellery “Great leap forward”: human culture starts to change much more rapidly than before; people begin burying their dead ritually; create clothes from animal hides; and develop complex hunting techniques, such as pit-traps.
They stand just over 1 metre tall, and have brains similar in size to chimpanzees, yet have advanced stone tools Modern people reach the Americas Agriculture develops and spread. Possible domestication of dogs Stone Age ends and Bronze Age begins.
The first “Out of Africa” migrations represent a seminal event in the history of humankind.
K-Ar dating has played a key role in unraveling the temporal patterns of hominid evolution as far back as the first significant discovery of East African australopithecines at Olduvai Gorge in 1959.
It was in large part due to the desire to understand the age of the Olduvai hominid remains that pioneering attempts were made to date geologically young materials using the K-Ar method.